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Saridon Analgesic Tablets

Types of Headaches

The types of headache can be classified based on their cause or their quality.

Based on its underlying cause, Headaches can be classified as primary and secondary headaches.

  • Primary Headache
  • Secondary Headache

These headaches occur due to activation of the pain sensitive structures around the head. These may include the blood vessels, muscles and nerves of the head and neck. Primary headaches also include headaches caused due to improper chemical activity which may take place inside the brain. It includes – migraines, cluster headaches and tension headaches.

Primary Headaches are further classified as tension type, migraine and cluster headache based on the quality of headache.

Tension type headache:

Tension headache is one of the more common types of headache. This headache is a mild dull pain which can be felt on both sides of the head, or just in the forehead. It is continuous and can spread to the whole head. This kind of headache usually turns severe over a period of time. Some may also feel that the pain spreads to the neck.

Migraine Headache:

Migraine headache is felt like a pulsating or throbbing pain which usually occurs on one side of the head. A migraine headache can last from 4- 72 hours, occasionally with an aura and increased sensitivity to light and sound. Some people also experience symptoms such as blurred vision, lightheadedness, and nausea along with these headaches. Migraines worsen with activity and sufferers are known to prefer sleeping in a dark room during a migraine attack. Migraine has been ranked as the seventh-highest specific cause of disability in the world.

Cluster Headache:

Cluster headache is one of the more severe headaches and is not so commonly occurring. During a cluster headache attack, the patient suffers from excruciating pain usually on one side of the head. The intensity of the pain is so severe, that it can awaken the patient from sleep. These headaches are episodic. The episodes will start suddenly. During an episode, the patient will suffer from a cluster level headache more than once a day. Each episode may last for 1 to 3 months. The headache intensity will peak within minutes of starting and will subside within an hour. In contrast to a migraine, cluster headaches cause patients to become agitated and restless. In some cases, the patient starts exhibiting bizarre behavior. Accompanying symptoms include a runny nose, watery eyes, flushed face.

These headaches are secondary to a disease condition and do not get resolved until the disease condition is resolved. These disease conditions irritate the pain sensitive nerves of the head and thus cause the headache. Secondary headaches may arise from a wide range of sources like:

  • Dehydration
  • Sinusitis
  • Blood Clots in the brain
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Excess alcohol consumption
  • Influenza or other viral infection
  • Overuse of pain medication
  • Panic attacks
  • Stroke
  • Brain Tumor